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Differences between swimming and running as stimuli for exercise-induced asthma.


Thirteen children each exercised for 6 min by running on a treadmill and by tethered swimming, breathing air at room temperature and either 8% or 99% relative humidity continuously. Ventilation, gas exchange and heart rate were closely matched in all four tests in each child, with a mean oxygen consumption of 32.3 +/- 1.7 ml x min-1 x kg-1. The post-exercise fall in FEV1 expressed as a percentage of the baseline FEV1 (delta FEV1) was significantly greater after running compared with swimming breathing either humid or dry air. The delta FEV1 was also related to respiratory heat loss (RHL) calculated from measurements of inspired and expired gas temperature and humidity. At a standardised RHL, the difference between running and swimming was highly significant [delta FEV1 (%) +/- SE = 39 +/- 5 and 28 +/- 4 respectively, p less than 0.01]. These experiments suggest that the type of exercise influences the severity of exercise-induced asthma even under conditions of the same metabolic stress and respiratory heat loss.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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