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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Apr 29;720(2):188-92.

Arginase as an inhibitory principle in liver plasma membranes arresting the growth of various mammalian cells in vitro.


Plasma membranes prepared from rat livers inhibited the in vitro growth of various mammalian cells including hepatoma cells in a concentration-dependent manner, showing almost complete arrest of cell growth at 0.1 mg protein/ml. Some of these cells tested, i.e., leukemia (L1210 and P388) and myeloma (P3-NS-1/1-Ag4-1) cells, were labile in the presence of plasma membranes (losing the viability), and CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells became round without detaching from the substratum. The culture medium preincubated with liver plasma membranes no longer supported the growth of hepatoma cells (AHI3 and AH66F). However, the 'conditioned' medium supplemented with L-arginine, supported the growth of the cells. Moreover, the addition of L-ornithine to the cultures containing plasma membranes markedly reduced the inhibitory effect of plasma membranes. The plasma membrane preparations were found to possess considerable arginase activity. There results seem to indicate the possible involvement of arginase in the inhibition of cell growth by liver plasma membranes.

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