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Pediatr Res. 1980 Jan;14(1):60-3.

Genetic influence on serum igd levels.


In order to better understand the factors determining serum levels of IgD, total serum IgD and IgE were studied in 23 nonallergic twin pairs, consisting of 16 monozygotic (Mz and 7 same-sex dizygotic (Dz) pairs. Both immunoglobulins were measured by a paper disc solid phase radioimmunoassay, sensitive to 1 microgram/dl of IgD and 1 I.U./ml of IgE. Also studied were 10 paired sera taken at different times from 10 healthy subjects of similar mean age to the twins and 21 randomly paired sera from unrelated subjects. The intrapair variance of both serum IgD and serum IgE levels were significantly less in Mz than in Dz twins (P less than 0.05). Thus, there appears to be a genetic influence over serum IgD levels, probably to a similar degree to that previously shown to exist for serum IgE levels. Heritability was calculated to be 0.759 for IgD and 0.697 for IgE. Also, the intraclass correlation coefficient (rI) for IgD in monozygotic twin pairs was 0.9370 (P less than 0.001) and for IgE was 0.8602 (P less than 0.001). It appears likely that the number of genetic loci controlling serum IgD levels is similar to, or less than, the number controlling serum IgE levels because the random pair/Dz pair variance ratio was lower for IgD than for IgE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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