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J Med Chem. 1982 Oct;25(10):1227-30.

Synthesis and antitumor activity of 10-alkyl-10-deazaminopterins. A convenient synthesis of 10-deazaminopterin.


Requirements for large-scale synthesis of the potent antitumor drug 10-deazaminopterin have led to development of a facile synthesis of this compound and its 10-alkyl analogues. The lithium diisopropyl amide generated dianions of appropriate p-alkylbenzoic acids were alkylated with 3-methoxyallyl chloride. The resulting 4-(p-carboxyphenyl)-1-methoxy-1-butenes were brominated at pH 7-8 to afford the 2-bromo-4-(p-carboxyphenyl)butyraldehydes. Condensation with 2,4,5,6-tetraminopyrimidine and subsequent in situ oxidation of the resulting dihydropteridines yielded crystalline 10-alkyl-10-deaza-4-amino-4-deoxypteroic acids. The pteroic acids were coupled with diethyl glutamate via the mixed anhydride method, followed by saponification at room temperature, to give the target 10-deazaminopterins. The 10-alkyl compounds were approximately equipotent to 10-deazaminopterin as growth inhibitors of folate-dependent bacteria. Their abilities to inhibit Lactobacillus casei and L1210 derived dihydrofolate reductases were also similar. Transport properties in vitro were suggestive of an improved therapeutic index for the 10-alkyl analogues. Against L1210 in mice, the percent increase in life span at the LD10 dosage was +151% (methotrexate), +178% (10-deazaminopterin), +235% (10-methyl analogue), and +211% (10-ethyl analogue). 10,10-Dimethyl-10-deazaminopterin was less effective at an equimolar dosage, but the ILS at the maximum dose tested (72 mg/kg) was +135%. It was far less toxic than the other analogues possibly because of enhanced clearance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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