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J Pediatr. 1982 Dec;101(6):932-40.

Severe recurrent bacterial infections associated with defective adherence and chemotaxis in two patients with neutrophils deficient in a cell-associated glycoprotein.

Abstract

We studied two patients with delayed umbilical cord detachment, recurrent bacterial infections, inability to form pus, rapidly progressive periodontitis, and persistent leukocytosis. The phagocytes of both patients were strikingly abnormal in their ability to adhere to surfaces. The adherence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to endotoxin-coated glass coverslips, glass beads, or nylon wool was markedly reduced. Scanning electron microscopy of the few adherent polymorphonuclear leukocytes from both patients showed a failure to flatten and form fine pseudopods. In vivo polymorphonuclear leukocyte and monocyte chemotaxis assessed by skin window and skin chamber methods was dramatically impaired, and in vitro chemotaxis was severely depressed. Chemiluminescence of zymosan- but not phorbol-stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes was markedly reduced. Allogeneic polymorphonuclear leukocytes transfused into these patients functional normally, indicating that the defect is intrinsic to the cells and not a secondary phenomenon. A 180-kilodalton glycoprotein normally present in the particulate fraction of polymorphonuclear leukocytes was found to be completely absent in Patient 1 and present in low concentration in Patient 2. We postulate that the glycoprotein deficiency interferes with the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes from the bloodstream into the interstitial space and to the site of infection.

PMID:
7143170
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(82)80013-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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