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Vision Res. 1982;22(8):917-27.

Model of the accommodative mechanism in the human eye.


The crystalline lens of the age 11 human eye has been modelled mathematically, using simplified assumptions about lens curvature, internal organization and elasticity. From this representation, expressions for description of strain and stress during accommodation have been obtained. Solution of these equations indicates that the lens capsule acts as a force distributor, spreading tension applied by the suspensory apparatus evenly over the surface of the underlying lens material. It also becomes clear that the vitreous body provides an essential support function during the accommodative process. Finally, the relative contribution of lens-associated structures has been determined for five different values of the Poisson ratio. In order for accommodation to occur by relaxation of zonular tension, this value must be greater than 0.38; with an additional constraint of the net axial force equalling zero during a small accommodative change, the Poisson ratio equals 0.46.

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