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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Sep 15;681(3):459-68.

Discrimination of ascorbate-dependent nonenzymatic and enzymatic, membrane-bound reduction of nitric oxide in denitrifying Pseudomonas perfectomarinus.


The marine nitrite-respiring (denitrifying) bacterium, Pseudomonas perfectomarinus, catalyzes by a membrane-bound enzyme the reduction of nitric oxide to nitrous oxide with ascorbic-reduced phenazine methosulfate as electron donor. The entire nitric oxide-reducing capability of a cell-free system was membrane bound and this process was studied with respect to pH and substrate dependency. The enzymatic process was perturbed by an identical nonenzymatic reduction by iron(II) ascorbate in neutral to alkaline aqueous solution. 2 mol nitric oxide and 1 mol ascorbate were consumed per mol nitrous oxide formed. Enzymatic and nonenzymatic processes were discriminated by their differential behavior towards pH and metal-chelating agents. The pH optimum for the enzymatic and nonenzymatic reaction was 5.2 and greater than 7.0, respectively. EDTA (10 mM) inhibited the nonenzymatic reduction completely without interfering with the membrane-bound activity. The nonenzymatic system mimics the reaction of nitric oxide reductase and could serve as a model to study the formation of the N-N bond in denitrification. Enzymatic generation of nitric oxide by cytochrome cd and subsequent nonenzymatic reduction to nitrous oxide simulate an overall quasi-enzymatic nitrous oxide formation by cytochrome cd. The nonenzymatic reduction of nitric oxide might have occurred in previous work due to the ubiquitous use of ascorbate in studies on nitrite respiration and the likelihood of adventitious iron in biological samples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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