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Prostaglandins. 1982 May;23(5):619-30.

Phospholipase A2 activity in the rat uterus: modulation by steroid hormones.

Abstract

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2), an enzyme which provides free arachidonic acid for the synthesis of prostaglandins (PG), has been studied in the rat uterus under various experimental conditions. Uterine PLA2 activity increased 14 fold in hypophysectomized rats implanted with Silastic capsules containing estradiol-17 beta as compared to those treated with oil vehicle. Dexamethasone treatment reduced the PLA2 activity induced by estrogen by 78%. Hypophysectomized animals treated with progesterone (2mg/day) for 5 days had low levels of uterine PLA2 activity but a single injection of estradiol (10 micrograms/rat) given 24 h after the last injection of progesterone increased activity 5 fold within 12 h. Administration of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide in the rats treated with progesterone, before and after injection of estradiol, prevented the stimulating action of the estrogen on PLA2 activity. If the estrogen was given at the time of the last injection of progesterone, PLA2 activity did not increase until 22 h late and the level was much less than when progesterone was absent. The results are consistent with the view that estrogen stimulates uterine prostaglandin production because of its effect upon PLA2; this effect can be greatly reduced by a glucocorticoid. Progesterone may modulate the PLA2 stimulating effect of estrogen in order to direct the production of specific PGs by regulating the amount of arachidonic acid available for PG synthetase.

PMID:
7122905
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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