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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1982 Aug 6;107(31-32):1190-4.

[Fatal immunohaemolytic anaemia after eating the mushroom Paxillus involutus (author's transl)].

[Article in German]


A 49-year-old previously healthy man fell gravely ill after repeatedly eating the mushroom Paxillus involutus. Haemolysis and circulatory shock caused acute renal failure, acute respiratory failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The patient died three-and-a-half days after the mushroom meal in protracted shock. In addition to the signs of haemolysis, post-mortem examination revealed signs of intravascular coagulopathy in lungs, kidneys, adrenals, myocardium, liver and spleen. There were also extensive fat emboli to both lungs. An IgG antibody against paxillus involutus extract was demonstrated in the patient's serum. The immunological reaction pattern suggests primarily the formation of an immune complex, which secondarily attaches itself to the erythrocyte surface and causes intravascular haemolysis by activation of the complement chain. In the first instance the diagnosis is made from anamnestic data. In addition to adequate treatment of circulatory shock, immediate plasma separation could provide a chance of effective treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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