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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1978 Dec;24(6):654-62.

Lidocaine and its active metabolites.


It has been shown that the antiarrhythmic and toxic effects of lidocaine may be in part dependent on its two active metabolites, monoethylglycylxylidide (MEGX) and glycylxylidide (GX). Presently available gas liquid chromatographic analytic methods require long and tedious steps or sophisticated equipment such as gas liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The assay method reported here with the use of high-performance liquid chromatography is rapid and allows accurate, precise determination of lidocaine, MEGX, and GX in biologic fluids. On the 3 patients studied extensively with the use of this assay, one patient had MEGX concentrations almost twice those of lidocaine. At 83% lidocaine potency, the contribution of MEGX in this patient was about 1.5 times that of lidocaine. The second patient studied on two consecutive days had a 20% increase in serum lidocaine concentration and an equivalent decrease in MEGX concentration on the second day. In the third patient lidocaine was stopped with a resulting half-life of 3.8 hr, which is consistent with previously reported values for patients on long-term lidocaine infusion. Urinary excretion of lidocaine and its metabolites is in agreement with previous work. These data suggest that much information still remains to be learned about the active metabolites of lidocaine as well as of lidocaine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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