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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1982 Feb;60(2):107-13.

Unilaterality of the sympathetic innervation of each pad of rat interscapular brown adipose tissue.


The effects of sham, unilateral, and bilateral surgical denervation of rat interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) on blood flow to the two IBAT pads of cold-acclimated (CA) rats during exposure of the animals to 22 or -6 degrees C and on the noradrenaline (NA) content and total dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) (EC activity of the pads in both warm-acclimated (WA)rats and CA rats were examined. Increase in IBAT blood flow upon cold exposure was taken as an index of sympathetically medicated calorigenesis in the tissue, and decreases in tissue levels of NA and DBH served as indices of the extent of destruction of the sympathetic innervation. At 24 h postsurgery, denervated pads of CA rats, rats, whether from unilaterally or bilaterally denervated IBAT, had less than 3% of the NA, 40-44% of the DBH, and 0% of the 10-fold, cold-induced increase in blood flow measured in intact pads of CA rats with sham-operated or unilaterally denervated IBAT. IBAT bilaterally denervated for 24 h was as responsive in terms of its maximum increase in blood flow during infusion of CA rats with NA as intact IBAT. DBH in denervated pads of both WA rats and CA rats fell to 5% or less of control levels at 2 days postdenervation and remained at these low levels, as did NA, for at least 8 weeks. These results strongly support the longstanding but recently challenged hypothesis that each pad of rat IBAT is independently innervated by sympathetic fibers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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