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Circulation. 1982 May;65(5):976-80.

Preoperative secundum atrial septal defect with coexisting sinus node and atrioventricular node dysfunction.


Sinus node dysfunction in patients after repair of the secundum atrial septal defect has been ascribed to surgical damage. We studied 15 consecutive patients with secundum atrial septal defect before operative intervention. Noninvasive testing included 34-hour electrocardiographic monitoring and a standard 13-lead ECG. Intracardiac electrophysiologic techniques included corrected sinus node recovery time, sinoatrial conduction time, His bundle recording to measure AH and HV intervals, the atrial pacing rate at which atrioventricular node Wenckebach occurred, and atrioventricular nodal refractory period. The ECG revealed an ectopic atrial rhythm in two patients. Intracardiac electrophysiology showed an abnormal corrected sinus node recovery time (range -40 to 800 msec) in 10 patients. Five patients had evidence of atrioventricular nodal dysfunction with prolonged AH interval or abnormal atrial pacing rate at which atrioventricular Wenckebach occurred. These data indicate that sinus node dysfunction or atrioventricular node dysfunction were present before surgical intervention.

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