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Arch Surg. 1982 Mar;117(3):371-4.

Aortic thrombosis after umbilical artery catheterization.


Neonatal arterial thrombosis has become more common with the use of umbilical artery catheters; however, catheter-induced aortic thrombosis is rare. A review of the literature disclosed a 100% mortality from medically managed neonatal aortic thrombosis. Two cases of umbilical artery catheterinduced acute neonatal thrombosis were managed successfully by surgical thrombectomy. Severe lower extremity ischemia and hypertension with aortic occlusion developed in two neonates, and intractable congestive heart failure developed in one of the neonates. This seems to be the first documented report of successful surgical treatment of umbilical artery catheter-induced aortic thrombosis. Acute neonatal aortic occlusion should be considered a surgical emergency.

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