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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Jan 4;684(1):96-110.

Discrimination of three parallel pathways of lactate transport in the human erythrocyte membrane by inhibitors and kinetic properties.

Abstract

The transmembrane movements of lactate and other monocarboxylate anions in mammalian erythrocytes have been claimed, by virtue of their sensitivity to SH-reagents, to involve a transfer system different from the classical anion system (Deuticke, B., Rickert, I. and Beyer, E. (1978) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 507, 137-155). Inhibition of monocarboxylate transfer by SH-reagents, however, was incomplete to an extent varying for different monocarboxylates. The transport component insensitive to SH-reagents has now been shown to involve (a) the classical anion-exchange system, as demonstrated by sensitivity to specific disulfonate inhibitors, and (b) nonionic diffusion, as indicated by the characteristic pH- and concentration dependency of this component and its stimulation by aliphatic alcohols. Under physiological conditions about 90% of total lactate movement proceed via the specific system, 5% via the classical anion-transfer system, 5% by nonionic diffusion. These three components of lactate exchange differ in their activation energies. The specific lactate system mediates net fluxes almost as fast as exchange fluxes, in marked contrast to the classical anion-exchange system which mediated halide exchange much faster than halide net movements. The underlying mechanism, for maintenance of electroneutrality, is an OH- -antiport or an H+ -symport as indicated by the particular response of lactate net fluxes to changes of intra- or extracellular pH.

PMID:
7055558
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2736(82)90053-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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