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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1981 May;29(5):650-7.

Effects of concentration-dependent plasma protein binding on ceftriaxone kinetics.

Abstract

The kinetics of ceftriaxone, a cephalosporin, was studied in six healthy subjects who received bolus injections of 150, 500, and 1,500 mg intravenously in a random crossover fashion. Although total drug concentration time profiles after all doses could be described by biexponential equation, simple compartment analysis was inappropriate because a disproportional increase in the area under the total drug concentration time curves occurred with dose. This resulted in a dose-dependent increase in total systemic clearance (ClTS) from 9.7 ml/min at the 150-mg dose to 13 ml/min at the 1500-mg dose. The dose-dependent changes in ClTS could be explained in terms of the concentration-dependent plasma protein binding of ceftriaxone (fplasma ranging from 0.04 to 0.167), because the area under the free drug concentration time curves (AUCFO-infinity) increased proportionately to dose. Mean total clearance with reference to free (unbound) ceftriaxone (ClFS) was constant at 255 ml/min. Calculated mean renal clearance with reference to free ceftriaxone (ClFR) was 173 ml/min, or slightly more than the average glomerular filtration rate in humans. Mean plasma ceftriaxone t1/2 was not influenced by dose and averaged 8 hr. This biological t1/2 is by far the longest ever for a cephalosporin in healthy subjects.

PMID:
7053242
DOI:
10.1038/clpt.1981.90
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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