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Neurosci Lett. 1980 Oct 20;20(1):37-43.

A morphological characterization of the canine area postrema.


The cellular morphology of the dog's area postrema (AP) was demonstrated with the Golgi-Cox technique. Golgi preparations suggested division of the canine AP into three regions: a periventricular mantle zone, a central region, and a junctional zone adjacent to the nucleus tractus solitarii. The distinctive feature of the dog's AP was arrays of periventricular neurons intermixed with glialoid cells. Additional Bodian sections revealed a commissural fiber network connecting the halves of the AP at the obex. The interconnected three-layer structure implies a polysynaptic pathway by which AP stimulation activates central sympathetic outflow.

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