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J Bacteriol. 1982 Sep;151(3):1123-8.

New genes involved in carbon catabolite repression and derepression in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


A mutation causing resistance to carbon catabolite repression in gene HEX2, mutant allele hex2-3, causes an extreme sensitivity to maltose when in combination with the genes necessary for maltose metabolism. This provided a convenient system for the selective isolation of mutations in genes specifically required for maltose metabolism and other genes involved in general carbon catabolite repression. In addition to reversion of the hex2-3 allele, mutations in three other genes were detected. These genes were called CAT1, CAT3, and MUR1 and in a mutated form abolished maltose inhibition caused by mutant allele hex2-3. Mutant alleles cat1 and cat3 also restored normal repression in the presence of the hex2-3 allele. Segregants having only mutant alleles cat1 or cat3 were obtained by tetrad analysis. These segregants could not grow on nonfermentable carbon sources. Mutant alleles of gene CAT1 were allelic to a mutant allele cat1-1 previously isolated (Zimmermann et al., Mol. Gen. Genet. 151:95-103). Such mutants prevented derepression not only of the maltose catabolizing system, the selected property, but also of glyoxylate shunt and gluconeogenic enzymes. However, respiratory activities and invertase formation were not affected under derepressing conditions. cat3 mutants had the same phenotypic properties as cat1 mutants. This showed that carbon metabolism in yeast cells is under a very complex and ramified control of repressing and derepressing genes, which are interdependent.

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