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Metabolism. 1982 Feb;31(2):139-42.

The defective glucose sensitivity of the B cell in non insulin dependent diabetes. Improvement after twenty hours of normoglycaemia.

Abstract

In non insulin dependent diabetics (N.I.D.D.) of normal body weight, the acute insulin response to glucose is defective while that to pharmacologic agents such as tolbutamide is less impaired. This specific B-cell insensitivity to glucose results from unknown and perhaps multiple mechanisms. Hyperglycemia may be itself aggravate this phenomenon. To test this hypothesis acute insulin release (delta I: sum of increment at 2, 5, 10 min) after intravenous and tolbutamide injection was studied in 5 N.I.D.D. with fasting blood glucose averaging 12.1 mM/I (range 10.7-13.7) before and after 20 hours of glycemic normalization by an artificial pancreas. Intravenous injection of .3 g/k glucose did not elicit an acute insulin or C-peptide response, but following Tolbutamide (20 mg/kg) delta I was 44 +/- 21 microU/ml and delta C-peptide 0.84 +/- 0.37 nM/I. After 20 hr of normoglycemia a response to glucose was apparent (delta I 60 +/- 24 and delta CP 0.86 +/- 26) that to Tolbutamide was unchanged (delta I 58 +/- 26 and delta CP 0.97 +/- 0.27). These results suggest that 20 hr of normoglycemia improve significantly the "glucoreceptor" function of the B-cell in N.I.D.D.

PMID:
7043166
DOI:
10.1016/0026-0495(82)90125-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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