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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Sep 15;661(1):120-3.

Evidence for binding of NAD dimers to NAD-dependent dehydrogenases.

Abstract

The binding of dimers of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, (NAD)2, to lactate, malate and alcohol dehydrogenase has been studied by the fluorescence quenching technique. While the alcohol dehydrogenase shows a low binding ability, malate and lactate dehydrogenases have been found to bind (NAD)2 in a specific way with high affinity. Malate dehydrogenase binds (NAD)2 more than NADH. All three dehydrogenases are inhibited by (NAD)2, which behaves as a competitive inhibitor with respect to both NAD+ and NADH. The results show that (NAD)2 is bound to the nucleotide-specific binding site of the dehydrogenases. (NAD)2 was found to stoichiometrically react with ferricyanide at variance with NADH. The specific interactions with the NAD-dependent dehydrogenases and the ability to enter in monoelectronic redox cycles suggest possible physiological roles for (NAD)2.

PMID:
7028119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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