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J Supramol Struct. 1980;13(2):131-45.

A proton nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of histidine-binding protein J of Salmonella typhimurium: a model for transport of L-histidine across cytoplasmic membrane.


Genetic evidence suggests that the high-affinity L-histidine transport in Salmonella typhimurium requires the participation of a periplasmic binding protein (histidine-binding protein J) and two other proteins (P and Q proteins). The histidine-binding protein J binds L-histidine as the first step in the high-affinity active transport of this amino acid across the cytoplasmic membrane. High-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 600 MHz is used to investigate the conformations of this protein in the absence and presence of substrate. Previous nuclear magnetic resonance results reported by this laboratory have shown that there are extensive spectral changes in this protein upon the addition of L-histidine. When resonances from individual amino acid residues of a protein can be resolved in the proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum, a great deal of detailed information about substrate-induced structural changes can be obtained. In order to gain a deeper insight into the nature of these structural changes, deuterated phenylalanine or tyrosine has been incorporated into the bacteria. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of selectively deuterated histidine-binding protein J were obtained and compared to the normal protein. Several of the proton resonances have been assigned to the various aromatic amino acid residues of this protein. A model for the high-affinity transport of L-histidine across the cytoplasmic membrane of S typhimurium is proposed. This model, which is a version of the pore model, assumes that both P and Q proteins are membrane-bound and that the interface between these two proteins forms the channel for the passage of substrate. The histidine-binding protein J serves as the "key" for the opening of the channel for the passage of L-histidine. In the absence of substrate, this channel or gate is closed owing to a lack of appropriate interactions among these three proteins. The channel can be opened upon receiving a specific signal from the "key"; namely, the substrate-induced conformational changes in the histidine-binding protein J molecule. This model is consistent with available experimental evidence for the high-affinity transport of L-histidine across the cytoplasmic membrane of S typhimurium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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