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J Cell Sci. 1978 Aug;32:337-56.

The role of Golgi bodies in polysaccharide sulphation in Fucuszygotes.


The cell wall of 24-h zygotes of Fucus serratus is composed of 3 layers--an inner fibrillar layer (sulphated fucan), an outer fibrillar layer (alginic aicd/cellulose) and an exterior amorphous layer (sulphated fucan, alginic acid). The 2 layers containing sulphated fucan are preferentially thickened at the rhizoid pole. Light- and electron-microscope autoradiographic pulse-chase experiments on 22-h zygotes using 35SO2-(4) show the Golgi bodies to be the sites of fucan sulphation. The isolation and characterization of isolated Golgi-rich fractions from 22-h zygotes shows that the first detectable labelled macromolecule is associated with these fractions 2 min after addition of 35SO2-(4). The sulphate acceptor molecule has been partially characterized. 35S-APS and 35S-paps are detectable in the soluble fraction 0.5 min after addition of 35SO2-(4). The results are discussed in relation to other published work on the differentiation of Fucus embryos and on polysaccharide sulphation.

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