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J Bacteriol. 1980 Aug;143(2):906-13.

Major heat-modifiable outer membrane protein in gram-negative bacteria: comparison with the ompA protein of Escherichia coli.


The outer membranes of several strains of Escherichia coli, other enteric bacteria, and a variety of nonenteric gram-negative bacteria all contain a major heat-modifiable protein similar to the OmpA protein of E. coli K-12. The heat-modifiable proteins from these bacteria resemble the K-12 protein in molecular weight, in preferential release from the outer membrane by sodium dodecyl sulfate in the presence of Mg2+, and in characteristic cleavage by proteases to yield a smaller fragment which remains membrane bound. Antiserum directed against the K-12 protein precipitated the heat-modifiable protein from all strains of Enterobacteriaceae, and chemical comparison by isoelectric focusing, cyanogen bromide cleavage profiles, and proteolytic peptide analysis indicated that the proteins from the various enteric bacteria were nearly identical in primary structure. The heat-modifiable proteins from bacteria phylogenically distant from E. coli shared many of the properties of the E. coli protein but were chemically distinct. Thus, it appears that the structure (and, presumably, the function) of the heat-modifiable protein of gram-negative bacteria is strongly conserved during evolution.

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