Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1980 Dec 1;138(7 Pt 2):880-92.

Incidence, prevalence, and trends of acute pelvic inflammatory disease and its consequences in industrialized countries.

Abstract

Pelvic inflammatory disease is used herein synonymously with acute salpingitis. In modern industrialized countries, the annual incidence of PID in women 15 to 39 years of age seems to be 10 to 13 per 1,000 women, with a peak incidence of about 20 per 1,000 women in the age group 20 to 24 years. Since 1960 an increase in incidence by a factor of 1.6 to 1.9 has been observed in the age group 20 to 29 years. The incidence of PID is correlated strongly with the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, although a fraction of the infections might be of endogenous origin. Use of intrauterine contraceptive devices and operations for legal abortions contribute to the increase in incidence. The prevalence of women in the post-PID state has increased by a factor of about 1.5 since 1960. Women in the post-PID state have a tenfold increased risk for ectopic pregnancy and 25% of the increase in ectopic pregnancy can be accounted for by the increase in post-PID women. Infertility after PID ranges between 5.8% and 60% depending on severity of infection, number of infections, and age of the women. The fraction of women rendered infertile because of PID has increased by a factor of about 1.6 since 1960.

PIP:

(PID) Pelvic inflammatory disease is used synonymously here with acute salpingitis. In modern industrialized countries, the annual incidence of PID in women 15-39 years old seems to be 10-13/1000 women, with a peak incidence of about 20/1000 in the age group 20-24. Since 1960, an increase in incidence by a factor of 1.6-1.9 has been observed in the age group 20-9. The incidence of PID is correlated strongly with the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, although a fraction of the infections might be of an endogenous origin. Use of the IUD and operations for legal abortions contribute to the increase in incidence. The prevalence of women in the post-PID state has increased by a factor of about 1.5 since 1960. Women in this state have a 10-fold increased risk for ectopic pregnancy and 25% of the increase in ectopic pregnancy can be accounted for by the increase in post-PID women. Infertility after PID ranges between 5.8% and 60%, depending on the severity of the infection, number of infections, and age of the woman. The fraction of women rendered infertile due to PID has increased by a factor of about 1.6 since 1960.

PMID:
7008604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center