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Mol Gen Genet. 1980;179(1):169-75.

A defect in carbon catabolite repression associated with uncontrollable and excessive maltose uptake.


The previously isolated recessive mutant allele hex2-3 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae caused a defect in carbon catabolite repression of maltase, invertase, malate dehydrogenase, and respiration but at the same time led to an extreme sensitivity to maltose (Zimmerman and Scheel, 1977; Entian and Zimmermann, 1980). Addition of maltose to a growing culture of a hex2-3 mutant resulted within 60 to 90 min in an inhibition of growth, glycolysis, and de novo protein synthesis. This was not accompanied by any abnormal levels of glycolysis metabolites or glycolytic enzyme activities. However, inhibitory effects coincided with a dramatic increase in intracellular glucose up to 150 mM relative to cell water as opposed to 2.5 mM in wild-type cells. This abnormal behavior is interpreted as a result of an uncontrolled maltose uptake in hex2 mutants, which in combination with increasing maltase activity results in an accumulation of intracellular glucose. Obviously the amount of available glucose surpassed glycolytic capacity in hex2 mutants. Properties of mutant alleles hex2 and hex1 (see Entian and Zimmermann, 1980) clearly show, that specific gene functions are involved in adapting the rate of sugar uptake into the cell to the actual glycolytic capacity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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