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Cell. 1980 Sep;21(2):429-38.

The antibody-induced clustering and endocytosis of HLA antigens on cultured human fibroblasts.


It has previously been shown by immunofluorescence experiments that the cross-linking of HLA antigens into patches (by antibody reagents directed to human beta 2--microglobulin) on the surfaces of cultured human fibroblasts leads to the lining up of the patches over the actomyosin-containing stress fibers lying immediately under the surface membrane. These experiments have now been extended to the resolution of the electron microscope by the use of ferritin-conjugated antibody. The results show that a substantial part of the HLA surface clusters that form by 5 min after the addition of the antibody reagents is found in small uncoated surface invaginations which are subsequently endocytosed and ultimately fuse with lysosomal bodies. At no stage in this process is there any indication that coated pits or coated vesicles participate. These and other results suggest, therefore, that there are at least two distinct mechanisms for the ligand-induced endocytosis and lysosomal processing of membrane components, one involving coated pits and the other the noncoated invaginations described in this paper. Transmembrane associations of clusters with intracellular actomyosin-containing structures may have a role in the endocytosis of these noncoated invaginations.

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