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Mol Gen Genet. 1982;188(3):425-32.

Indoleacetic acid complementation and its relation to host range specifying genes on the Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens.


Host range variations were noted when 23 wild-type strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens were tested on 27 different plant species. Because we have shown previously that host range specificity is conferred by the pTi plasmid, these variations in host specificity implicated genetic differences among pTi plasmids within the A. tumefaciens population that was tested. Host specificity was independent of the type of opine utilized and biotype of the strain used. These data suggested that separate genetic determinants operate for host specificity. This hypothesis was confirmed by Tn5 mutagenesis of the pTi plasmid, which generated mutants affected in host specificity. The regions of host specifying genes were located by displacement analysis of mutant pTi-plasmid-DNA restriction fragments. There are at least two sites on the pTiC58 plasmid: one within the T-region and the other about 75-77 kb to the right of this region. Mutations within the T-region were chemically complemented by indoleacetic acid, which restored the host range of the mutants. Such complementations were not observed with mutants outside the T-region.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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