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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 May;77(5):2533-6.

A phospholipase A2 inhibitory protein in rabbit neutrophils induced by glucocorticoids.


When rabbit peritoneal neutrophils were treated with glucocorticoids, their chemotactic response to stimulation by the chemoattractant fMet-Leu-Phe was markedly reduced. Preincubation of cells with glucocorticoids also decreased phospholipase A2 (phosphatide 2-acylhydrolase, EC activity in situ as measured by the release of [1-14C]arachidonic acid previously incorporated into phospholipids. The inhibitory potencies of glucocorticoids on phospholipase A2 activity correlated well with their anti-inflammatory activities and their abilities to bind to glucocorticoid receptors. Inhibitors of RNA and protein synthesis suppressed the inhibitory effect of glucocorticoids on phospholipase A2 activity. Digestion of the glucocorticoid-treated cells by Pronase overcame the inhibitory activity. Phospholipase A2 activity induced by Ca2+ ionophore A23187 was not affected by Pronase treatment. Gel filtration of proteins from neutrophil membranes labeled with [3H]lysine showed an induction of protein(s) (about 40,000 daltons) after glucocorticoid treatment. This protein inhibited a partially purified pancreatic phospholipase A2 and reduced the peptide-initiated chemotactic response of neutrophils.

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