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Biochem J. 1982 Jun 15;204(3):697-703.

Inhibition of the synthesis of polyamines and macromolecules by 5'-methylthioadenosine and 5'-alkylthiotubercidins in BHK21 cells.

Abstract

5'-Methylthioadenosine and four 5'-alkylthiotubercidins were tested for their ability to inhibit polyamine synthesis in vitro and to decrease polyamine concentration and prevent growth of baby-hamster-kidney (BHK21) cells. 5'-Methylthioadenosine and 5'-methylthiotubercidin decreased the activity of spermidine synthase from brain to roughly the same extent, whereas brain spermine synthase was much more strongly inhibited by 5'-methylthioadenosine compared with 5'-methylthiotubercidin. These nucleoside derivatives also inhibited the growth of BHK21 cells and increased the concentration of putrescine. 5'-Methylthioadenosine decreased cellular spermine concentration, whereas 5'-methylthiotubercidin lowered the concentration of spermidine. The activities of ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase were enhanced in cells grown in the presence of 5'-methylthiotubercidin. The growth inhibition produced by these nucleoside derivatives was not reversed by exogenous spermidine or spermine. 5'-Ethylthiotubercidin, 5'-propylthiotubercidin and 5'-isopropylthiotubercidin did not appreciably inhibit spermidine or spermine synthase in vitro or decrease the cellular polyamine content, but effectively prevented the growth of BHK21 cells. All nucleoside derivatives at concentrations of 0.2-1 mm caused a rapid inhibition of protein synthesis. It is concluded that the growth inhibition produced by 5'-methylthioadenosine and 5'-alkylthiotubercidins was not primarily due to polyamine depletion but other target sites, for instance the cellular nucleotide pool, cell membranes etc. must be considered.

PMID:
6896990
PMCID:
PMC1158409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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