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Biol Reprod. 1982 Aug;27(1):147-58.

Normal development following in vitro fertilization in the cow.


A repeatable procedure for fertilization of bovine ova in vitro is described. Oocytes were recovered from ovarian follicles or from oviducts near the time of ovulation following treatment of donors with pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha). For in vitro capacitation semen was incubated, then high ionic strength treated and subsequently incubated in defined medium prior to insemination of oocytes. In one experiment frozen bull semen was successfully used. In experiments with 4 bulls (B, C, D, F), 34 (43.6%) of 78 ova and 13 (19.7%) of 66 follicular oocytes were fertilized in vitro. In the last series (spermatozoa from Bull F) the fertilization of 22 (62.9%) of 35 tubal ova was achieved. In vitro development proceeded to the 8-cell stage. No fertilization in vitro followed use of one male (Bull E), even though his spermatozoa could penetrate zona-free hamster ova in vitro, and higher than usual bacterial contamination of his semen was implicated as the probable cause. Findings suggested vigorous progressive sperm motility and acrosome integrity to be important features of good sperm samples. In one experiment a 4-cell stage embryo was transferred with the result that the recipient gave birth to a normal bull calf on June 9, 1981. The first calf resulting from in vitro fertilization has been found to be completely normal.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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