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Cell. 1982 Jul;29(3):799-809.

Soluble acidic complexes containing histones H3 and H4 in nuclei of Xenopus laevis oocytes.


Oocyte nuclei of Xenopus laevis contain nucleosomal-core histones in large amounts and in a soluble, non-chromatin-bound form. Supernatant fractions (100,000 X g) from isolated nuclei are enriched in complexes containing histones H3 and H4, which are of distinct size (5.6S by sucrose gradient centrifugation, approximate molecular weight of 270,000 by gel filtration) and negatively charged (isoelectric at pH 4.4). These complexes bind to DEAE-Sephacel and can be separated from nucleoplasmin. In diverse fractionation experiments, histones H3 and H4 have been found to comigrate with a pair of polypeptides of molecular weight 110,000 that represent the most acidic major protein present in these nuclei. After enrichment by gel filtration, ion exchange chromatography and electrophoresis, this pair of acidic polypeptides has been the only nonhistone protein detected in the histone-complex fraction. We suggest that in the oocyte nucleus, large proportions of the soluble histones H3 and H4 are not contained in complexes of all four nucleosomal-core histones but are differentially associated with specific, very acidic proteins into distinct 5.6S complexes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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