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J Laryngol Otol. 1983 Aug;97(8):677-84.

Stapes-replacing prosthesis (S.R.P.).


Any chronic inflammatory condition of the middle ear may bring about bone destruction. Today, in the antibiotic era, this destruction concerns mostly the ossicular chain. Any one of the ossicles or all of them together may be partially damaged or completely destroyed (Sadé et al, 1981). Hearing is usually impaired if the stapes or the incus or both of them are damaged. To overcome the resulting hearing deficit, various surgical techniques, using various materials, have been introduced, with various degrees of success. The most problematic situation encountered surgically is the one in which the stapes is missing, and it is with this situation that the present study deals. The surgical solution so far advocated has been in the form of a surgical bridge or columella between the mobile footplate and the drum. The columella (Fig. 1) is made out of bone or some non-organic biocompatible material. Often, however, this solution is not very successful, for two reasons: A. Instability of the columella (prosthesis) is often unavoidable because of its slim attachment to the footplate; B. Biologically, an incompatibility between the drum and the prosthesis is all too often present, when the latter is made of plastic materials. These columellas have been found, sooner of later, to extrude. It is the purpose of this communication to report a new technique and a new concept, which tries to overcome the above shortcomings, using a different type of stapes-replacing prosthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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