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Cell. 1978 Jul;14(3):569-85.

Patterns of integration of viral DNA sequences in the genomes of adenovirus type 12-transformed hamster cells.


The patterns of integration of the viral genome have been analyzed in four hamster cell lines transformed by adenovirus type 12 (Ad12). It has previously been shown that in each of the cell lines HA12/7, T637, A2497-2 and A2497-3, the viral genome persists in multiple copies, and that different parts of the viral DNA are represented non-stoichiometrically (Fanning and Doerfler, 1976). All four cell lines are oncogenic when injected into hamsters. The DNA from each of the cell lines was extracted and cleaved in different experiments with restriction endonucleases Bam HI, Bgl II, Eco RI, Hind III, Hpa II or Sma I. The DNA fragments were separated on 1% agarose slab gels and transferred to nitrocellulose filters by the Southern technique. Ad12 DNA sequences were detected by hybridization to Ad12 DNA, which was 32 P-labeled by nick translation, and by subsequent autoradiography. In some experiments, the 32P-labeled Eco RI restriction endonuclease fragments of Ad12 DNA were used to investigate the distribution of specific segments of the viral genome in the cellular DNA. For each cell line, a distinct and specific pattern of integrated viral DNA sequences is observed for each of the restriction endonucleases used. Moreover, viral sequences complementary to the isolated Eco RI restriction endonuclease fragments are also distributed in patterns specific for each cell line. There are striking differences in integration patterns among the four different lines; there are also similarities. Because the organization of cellular genes in virus-transformed as compared to normal cells has not yet been determined, conclusions about the existence or absence of specific integration sites for adenovirus DNA appear premature. Analysis of the integration patterns of Ad12 DNA in the four hamster lines investigated reveals that some of the viral DNA molecules are fragmented prior to or during integration. Analysis with specific restriction endonuclease fragments demonstrates that the Eco RI B, D and E fragments, comprising a contiguous segment from 0.17-0.62 fractional length units of the viral DNA, remain intact during integration in a portion of the viral DNA molecules. Although each cell line carries multiple copies of Ad12 DNA, the viral DNA sequences are concentrated in a small number of distinct size classes of fragments. This finding is compatible with, but does not prove, the notion that at least a portion of the viral DNA sequences, is integrated into repetitive sequences, or else that the integrated viral sequences have been amplified after integration. In the three cell lines which were tested, the integration pattern is stable over many generations, with continuous passage-twice weekly-of cells for 6-7 months. In the three cell lines which were examined, the integration pattern is identical in a number of randomly isolated clones. Hence it can be concluded that the patterns of integration are identical among all cells in a population of a given line of transformed cells.

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