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Gastroenterology. 1983 Sep;85(3):529-34.

Relationship between acid secretion and blood flow in the canine stomach: role of oxygen consumption.


The relationship of acid secretion to blood flow and oxygen consumption was investigated in the isolated canine stomach during intraarterial infusion of pentagastrin. Blood flows above and below control values were achieved by pump perfusion and partial arterial occlusion, respectively. When blood flow was increased from a control value of 38 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1 to 85 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1, both acid secretion and oxygen consumption remained constant at 0.08 mEq X min-1 X 100 g-1 and 2.1 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1, respectively. A reduction in blood flow to 9.0 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1 caused acid secretion and oxygen consumption to decrease to 26% and 44% of control values, respectively. The results indicate that acid secretion is independent of blood flow at flow rates above 38 ml X min-1 X 100 g-1. A model of the interrelationships between blood flow, oxygen consumption, and acid secretion is proposed that may explain much of the conflict in the literature concerning these three parameters.

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