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Biometrics. 1983 Mar;39(1):1-11.

Estimating species richness using the jackknife procedure.


An exact expression is given for the jackknife estimate of the number of species in a community and for the variance of this number when quadrat sampling procedures are used. The jackknife estimate is a function of the number of species that occur in one and only one quadrat. The variance of the number of species can be constructed, as can approximate two-sided confidence intervals. The behavior of the jackknife estimate, as affected by quadrat size, sample size and sampling area, is investigated by simulation.

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