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Am J Cardiol. 1983 Jul;52(1):147-51.

Cardiac thrombosis and thromboembolism in chronic Chagas' heart disease.

Abstract

A retrospective study of Chagas' heart disease was carried out by a review of 1,345 autopsy reports, with special reference to cardiac thrombus and thromboembolic phenomena. The incidence of cardiac thrombus was higher in cases of heart failure (36%) than in cases of sudden death (15%), higher in heavier hearts, and unrelated to age or sex. The left- and right-sided cardiac chambers were equally affected by thrombus. Endocarditis and blood stasis were considered important factors in the pathogenesis of cardiac thrombus. Thromboembolic phenomena were more common in the systemic circulation but caused relatively more deaths by pulmonary embolism. Fourteen percent of patients with thromboembolic phenomena died from them. Patients with multiple thromboembolic phenomena had a higher risk of death from embolism. Cardiac thrombosis or thromboembolic phenomena, or both, were present in 44% of the cases studied. Prophylactic measures should be taken for these important complications of Chagas' heart disease.

PMID:
6858902
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(83)90085-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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