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Am J Cardiol. 1983 Jun;51(10):1618-22.

Electrophysiologic effects of lorcainide on the accessory pathway in the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.


The electrophysiologic effects of lorcainide, a class I antiarrhythmic agent with local anesthetic properties, were studied in 20 patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. After intravenous administration of lorcainide (2 mg/kg), the sinus cycle length decreased in all patients from 705 +/- 117 to 636 +/- 94 ms (p less than 0.001). The atrioventricular conduction time lengthened from 84 +/- 22 to 94 +/- 22 ms (p less than 0.01) and the QRS duration increased from 92 +/- 19 to 120 +/- 29 ms (p less than 0.001). The effective refractory period of the atrium increased from 230 +/- 27 to 243 +/- 35 ms (p less than 0.05), whereas the ventricular refractoriness was unaffected. Retrograde conduction over the accessory pathway was blocked in 5 of 18 patients after lorcainide; in the remaining 13 patients a prolongation from 107 +/- 32 to 162 +/- 57 ms (p less than 0.001) was found. Anterograde conduction over the accessory pathway was blocked in 6 patients, and in all other patients it increased considerably. Circus movement tachycardia could be induced in 14 patients before and in 10 patients after the drug. The shortest R-R interval during tachycardia lengthened from 326 +/- 40 to 364 +/- 67 ms (p less than 0.05). The tachycardia zone was unaffected by lorcainide. In 15 patients atrial fibrillation was induced. After lorcainide anterograde conduction during atrial fibrillation was blocked (n = 5). The shortest R-R interval over the accessory pathway during induced atrial fibrillation increased from 228 +/- 35 to 304 +/- 103 ms (p less than 0.05). Intravenous administration of lorcainide produced a pronounced negative dromotropic effect on the conduction properties of the accessory pathway. Lorcainide appears to be a promising new antiarrhythmic agent in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

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