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Am J Cardiol. 1978 Sep;42(3):473-80.

Antiarrhythmic drug effect assessed from ventricular arrhythmia reduction in the ambulatory electrocardiogram and treadmill test: comparison of propranolol, procainamide and quinidine.


A 5 week study was performed in 17 patients with frequent ventricular ectopic complexes. The study design comprised an initial control period, 1 week each of treatment with propranolol (240 mg daily), procainamide (3.0 g daily) and quinidine (1.8 g daily) and a final control period. Twenty-four hour ambulatory electrocardiograms and maximal exercise tests were performed each week. For the group, the total number and qualitative types of ventricular ectopic complexes were similar during the two control periods; however, there were large variations among individual patients. Each drug reduced the total number of ventricular ectopic impulses and the percent of patients with each qualitative type. There was agreement between the ambulatory electrocardiogram and treadmill test in three quarters of the drug evaluations. Although it is possible to determine antiarrhythmic drug effects for a group, spontaneous variability in the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias makes it difficult to evaluate the effects in individual patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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