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Contraception. 1983 Mar;27(3):311-27.

The effects of three different regimens of oral contraceptives and three different intrauterine devices on the levels of hemoglobin, serum iron and iron binding capacity in anemic women.

Abstract

The effects on hemoglobin, iron and iron binding capacity (IBC) in 150 moderately anemic women of 1) a 21-day low-dose combined pill, 2) the same low-dose combined pill for 21 days, followed by 7 days of an iron-containing pill, 3) the same low-dose combined pill administered for 63 consecutive days, followed by 7 days of no pill intake, 4) Lippes IUD, 5) TCu 220C and 6) Progestasert were studied. The three pill regimens were associated with an increase in hemoglobin and serum iron after 12 months. However, the iron pill and 63-day schedule groups produced an increase in hemoglobin and iron at the 6th month ans a diminution of IBC at 12 months. The Lippes and TCu 220C groups did not show any change in hemoglobin, iron or iron binding capacity after 12 months. The Progestasert group showed an increase in hemoglobin and iron levels at 6 and 12 months, and a diminution of IBC at 12 months. The pill and Progestasert have advantages as contraceptives in anemic women.

PIP:

The effects on hemoglobin, iron, and iron binding capacity (IBC) in 150 moderately anemic women of 1) a 21-day low-dose combined pill; 2) the same low-dose combined pill for 21 days, followed by 7 days for an iron-containing pill; 3) the same low-dose combined pill administered for 63 consecutive days, followed by 7 days of no pill intake; 4) Lippes loop IUD; 5) TCu 220C; and 6) Progestasert were studied. The 3 pill regimens were associated with an increase in hemoglobin and serum iron after 12 months. However, the iron pill and 63-day schedule groups produced an increase in hemoglobin and iron at the 6th month and a diminution of IBC (suggesting a replenishment of iron stores) at 12 months. The Lippes Loop and TCu 220C groups did not show any change in hemoglobin, iron, or IBC after 12 months. The Progestasert group showed an increase in hemoglobin and iron levels at 6 and 12 months, and a diminution of IBC at 12 months. The pill and Progestasert have advantages as contraceptives in anemic women.

PMID:
6851562
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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