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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1983 Jun;33(6):826-35.

Treatment of noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with enzyme inducers.

Abstract

Although treated adequately with antidiabetic drugs, diet, exercise, and education, patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) may develop resistance to treatment. In NIDDM hepatic microsomal enzyme activity is reduced and since postreceptional glucose metabolism is influenced by these enzymes, we treated the subjects with enzyme-inducing drugs. These inducers (phenobarbital and medroxyprogesterone acetate) when added as adjuvant therapy to sulfonyl urea regimen, reduced blood glucose and plasma insulin, and increased microsomal enzyme activity (as indicated by increased antipyrine metabolism). A trial with placebo did not alter serum glucose levels. Body weight fell and serum aminotransferase levels were normalized. These changes were reflected by reduction of liver fat content (determined by light microscopy), by increased surface density of smooth endoplasmic reticulum, and by repairation of the plasma cell membrane of hepatocytes, as seen in electron micrographs. Activation of postreceptional events in hepatocytes may thus be a new approach in the treatment of therapy-resistant type II diabetes.

PMID:
6851415
DOI:
10.1038/clpt.1983.113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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