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Brain Res. 1983 Apr 25;266(1):83-95.

Antagonists of synaptic and amino acid excitation of neurones in the cat spinal cord.


In the spinal cord of the anaesthetized cat microelectrophoretically administered (+/-)-cis-2,3-piperidine dicarboxylate (2,3-PDA), (+/-)-cis-2,5-piperidine dicarboxylate (2,5-PDA), gamma-D-glutamylglycine (gamma DGG), beta-D-aspartyl-beta-alanine (beta DAA), (+/-)-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (2-APB), (+/-)-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (2-APV) and (+/-)-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate (2-APH) were assessed as antagonists of chemical excitation of dorsal horn interneurones and Renshaw cells by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), L-aspartate, quisqualate (QUIS), kainate and L-glutamate, and of monosynaptic and polysynaptic excitation by impulses in primary afferent fibres of muscle and cutaneous origin. Whereas polysynaptic excitation of interneurones was readily and reversibly depressed by 2-APV, 2-APH, beta DAA, gamma DGG and 2,3-PDA, all of which also reduced excitation by NMDA (and L-aspartate) more than that by QUIS (and L-glutamate), no selective antagonism of monosynaptic excitation could be demonstrated. In particular, 2,3-PDA, which depressed excitation by kainate to a greater extent than that by either QUIS or NMDA, appeared to have no effect on monosynaptic excitation. The results support the involvement of L-aspartate as the transmitter of some spinal excitatory interneurones, but none of the antagonists tested were considered suitable for assessing the role of L-glutamate as the transmitter of some spinal primary afferent fibres.

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