Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Clin Nutr. 1983 Jan;37(1):133-8.

Skeletal muscle function during hypocaloric diets and fasting: a comparison with standard nutritional assessment parameters.


Skeletal muscle function and standard nutritional assessment parameters were measured in six obese patients. Base-line measurements were made on a weight-maintaining diet, and further measurements after 2 wk of a 400-cal diet, followed by 2 wk of fasting and then after 2 wk of refeeding. The function of the adductor pollicis muscle was assessed by electrical stimulation of the ulnar nerve. The objective parameters of muscle function measured were: 1) force of contraction expressed as a percentage of the maximal force obtained with electrical stimulation at 10, 20, 30, 50, and 100 Hz. 2) Maximal relaxation rate expressed as percentage force loss/10 ms. 3) Endurance expressed as percentage force loss/30 s. Standard nutritional assessment parameters (serum albumin and transferrin, creatinine height index, anthropometry and total body nitrogen and potassium) were also measured. There was a significant increase in the force of contraction at 10 Hz from a base-line of 29.6 +/- 1.0% to 49.0 +/- 2.8% (mean +/- SEM) after 2 wk of a 400-cal diet (p less than 0.01). These was a significant slowing of the maximal relaxation rate from a base-line of 9.8 +/- 0.03% force loss/10 ms to 8.2 +/0 0.3% force loss/10 ms (mean +/- SEM) (p less than 0.01) after 2 wk of a 400-cal diet. After a further 2 wk of fasting these abnormalities in muscle function persisted. There was a significant increase in muscle force loss from a base-line of 3.9 +/- 0.8% force loss/30 s to 13.7 +/- 3.4% force loss/30 s (mean +/- SEM) after fasting (P less than 0.01). After 2 wk of refeeding all aspects of muscle function measured were normal. During the study the standard nutritional assessment parameters did not change significantly.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center