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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Mar 31;756(2):242-6.

Variations in induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by trans-Stilbene oxide in rodent species.


Trans-Stilbene oxide (400 mg/kg) produced a 500% increase in the microsomal epoxide hydratase activity in rat and mouse with little change in the soluble enzyme activity. However, in guinea pig, the soluble epoxide hydratase activity increased by about 33% with only a small increase (47.6%) in the microsomal enzyme activity. The soluble glutathione S-transferase activities were also induced in both rat and mouse, with little change in that of the guinea pig. Increasing dosage of trans-stilbene oxide from 400 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg had little effect on the above enzyme activities. That the guinea pig was not relatively refractory to all inducing agents was shown by the fact that phenobarbital (100 mg/kg) and 3-methylcholanthrene (25 mg/kg) produced relatively similar increases in the activities of aniline hydroxylase and P-aminopyrine N-demethylase in rat, mouse and guinea pig. However, these inducers produced only a 15-20% stimulation in the soluble glutathione S-transferase and microsomal epoxide hydratase activities in guinea pig, when compared to a 50-80% increase in rat and mouse, suggesting a general resistance to induction by the phase II enzymes in guinea liver. In all three animal models, the inducer markedly increased the microsomal total phospholipid content, although the sphingomyelin content itself was decreased. In both rat and mouse, the microsomal cholesterol content was significantly decreased while that in guinea pig was unaffected. Possible factors responsible for the observed species differences are discussed.

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