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Am J Physiol. 1983 Mar;244(3):C297-302.

Effects of calcium on membrane potential and sodium influx in barnacle muscle fibers.

Abstract

The influence of internal and external Ca2+ on membrane potential and 22Na influx were tested in internally perfused giant barnacle muscle fibers. The fibers depolarized by about 2-3 mV, and Na+ influx increased when external Ca2+ was removed. These effects were inhibited and reversed by adding 2 mM La3+ externally but not by tetrodotoxin (TTX). Ca2+ channel blockers did not prevent the depolarization. Increasing internal free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) from 10(-7) to 10(-5) M also stimulated Na+ influx and depolarized the fibers by a few millivolts. Neither external La3+ nor TTX prevented the effects of raising [Ca2+]i; however, internal tetrabutylammonium ions depolarized the fibers and attenuated the internal Ca2+-dependent effects. These data are consistent with the idea that removal of external Ca2+ activates a La3+-sensitive channel that is permeable to Na+; raising [Ca2+]i activates a La2+-insensitive, Na+-permeable channel that may be similar to the internal Ca2+-activated nonselective cation channels observed in cardiac muscle. The results demonstrate that all Na+ (and Ca2+) fluxes that do not contribute to Na-Ca exchange must be carefully identified before the exchange stoichiometry can be determined from Na+ and Ca2+ flux measurements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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