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Radiology. 1983 Mar;146(3):627-34.

Management of massive hemoptysis by bronchial artery embolization.


Massive hemoptysis is a major clinical and surgical problem with a mortality of 80%, which is most often related to asphyxiation. Thirty-three patients with massive hemoptysis underwent selective bronchial arteriography and treatment by embolization or surgery. Lasting control of hemoptysis was achieved in 27 of 33 patients (81.8%) at follow-up ranging from one to 24 months. Hemoptysis recurred in six of 33 patients (18.2%). Mortality related to hemoptysis was three of 33 patients (9.0%), and overall mortality was six of 33 patients (18.2%). Seven patients underwent surgical treatment in addition to bronchial artery embolization. Patients with mycetoma suffered the highest relapse of bleeding and the highest mortality in this series. In these patients, bronchial artery embolization may be effective in the control of acute bleeding, but permanent control of hemoptysis is achieved only by later surgery. Bronchial artery embolization is an effective way to control massive hemoptysis with a low recurrence rate and reduced mortality among severely ill patients. Although we have had no unfavorable sequelae, reports of neurological damage following bronchial angiography indicate care in avoiding obstruction of the artery of Adamkiewicz.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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