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Changes in electromyogram power spectra of facial and jaw-elevator muscles during fatigue.


Endurance and changes in electromyogram (EMG) power spectra were investigated during a fatiguing static contraction at 50% of the maximum EMG amplitude in two jaw-elevator muscles (masseter and temporalis) and five facial muscles (frontalis, corrugator supercilii, zygomaticus major, orbicularis oris, and buccinator). Relatively high endurance was found in orbicularis oris, frontalis, and corrugator supercilii muscles; intermediate endurance was found in zygomaticus major, buccinator, and temporalis muscles; and low endurance was found in the masseter muscle. The last muscle showed a relatively fast linear decrease of the median frequency of the power spectrum. The other muscles showed a much slower, exponential decrease. The median frequency appeared to reflect reliably the changes in the shape of the power spectra during fatigue. Large differences between the shape of power spectra of different muscles in the unfatigued state were found. These, however, were unrelated to endurance and degree of spectral shift during fatigue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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