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Dev Biol. 1983 Mar;96(1):189-96.

Tissue-specific synthesis of yolk proteins in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Abstract

The primary site of yolk protein synthesis in the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, has been determined. In animals containing no gonadal cells (obtained by laser ablation of the gonadal precursor cells early in development), yolk proteins are present in abundance. This demonstrates that yolk proteins are made outside the gonad. An examination of proteins present in tissues isolated by dissection, and a comparison of proteins synthesized by isolated tissues incubated in vitro have identified the intestine as the major site of yolk protein synthesis. We propose that yolk proteins are synthesized in the intestine, secreted from the intestine into the body cavity, and taken up from the body cavity by the gonad to reach oocytes. The site of yolk protein synthesis has also been examined in four mutants that have largely male somatic tissues, but a hermaphrodite germ line. Here again, yolk proteins are produced by intestines in a hermaphrodite-specific manner. This suggests that sex determination is coordinately regulated in intestinal and germ line tissues.

PMID:
6825952
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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