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J Neurophysiol. 1978 Jul;41(4):963-76.

Effect of auditory cortex ablation on localization and discrimination of brief sounds.

Abstract

1. Dogs with bilateral auditory cortex lesions were tested on their ability to localize and discriminate brief sounds. In each test the animals were required to approach one of two goal boxes in order to indicate their response. 2. The results showed: a) that the operated animals could not solve the localization tasks when the goal boxes were located more than 125 cm away, but could solve the task if the goal boxes were located closer to the animal; b) that the operated animals could successfully discriminate brief bursts of click trains (i.e., 100/s versus 10/s, 0.3 s duration) even when required to indicate their discrimination by moving to goal boxes located 250 cm away, in spite of the fact that they could not successfully localize these sounds under similar conditions; c) that the operated animals tracked the source of a continuous sound instead of localizing it in a normal manner. 3. It appears that the deficit in sound localization resulting from cortical ablation is not due to any impairment in auditory attention or memory. Furthermore, the deficit cannot be ascribed to an inability to make a spatial response to an auditory cue. Instead, the deficit may be the result of a disconnection of the sound-localization mechanism from the motor mechanism necessary for some, though not all, behavioral responses.

PMID:
681995
DOI:
10.1152/jn.1978.41.4.963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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