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Sodium valproate: kinetic profile and effects on GABA levels in various brain areas of the rat.


1. The kinetic profile of sodium valproate (VPA) and the GABA levels were studied in discrete brain areas of the rat after an i.p. injection of 200 mg/kg. The results were discussed comparatively with GABA-T and GAD activities reported in the literature. 2. VPA was rapidly distributed in brain areas; its concentrations, its kinetic parameters and the GABA levels after the drug administration were not uniform in the different brain areas studied. 3. The results showed a particular relation of the VPA to the olfactory bulbs; in this specific area the VPA effect on GABA level was stronger; the VPA apparent half life of elimination was longest; the VPA apparent disappearance rate constant was smallest; the initial GABA level was higher; the activities of GABA-T and GAD were higher than in other brain areas studied except the hypothalamus. 4. These data were correlated with the role of the olfactory bulbs in the behaviour of the rodents.

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