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Exp Cell Res. 1982 Nov;142(1):141-54.

A library of monoclonal antibodies to nuclear proteins from Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Characterization by a cultured cell assay.


To study the structure and function of the cell nucleus, a library of 170 monoclonal antibodies was produced to nuclear antigens from 3-6 h old Drosophila embryos. In preparation for immunization, nuclei were separated, at neutral pH and in the presence of polyamines, into two fractions containing either urea-soluble non-histone nuclear proteins or histones plus small quantities of non-histone proteins complexed to DNA. The antibodies were characterized in a rapid, indirect immunofluorescent assay employing cultured Drosophila cells (Schneider's line 2). Low backgrounds and high specific fluorescence were achieved in this assay by purifying the rhodamine-labelled second antibody on a polystyrene resin and washing the cells with optimal concentrations of detergents. The assay categorized antigens according to their cellular locations: in nuclei, in nuclei plus cytoplasm, or primarily in cytoplasm. A subset of nuclear antigens reacted specifically with the nuclear envelope. In addition, some antibodies were characterized by their reactions with polytene chromosomes. The cultured cell assay provides a new, efficient method for expanding this antibody library. The monoclonal antibodies in the library now provide highly specific tools for investigating structural nuclear proteins and proteins that may be regulatory during embryonic development.

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