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J Bacteriol. 1982 Jul;151(1):162-71.

Properties of dissimilatory nitrate reductase purified from the denitrifier Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


Dissimilatory nitrate reductase was purified to homogeneity from anaerobic cultures of the denitrifying bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The following procedures were used in the rapid isolation of this unstable enzyme: induction by nitrate in semianaerobic cell suspension, heat-stimulated activation and solubilization from the membrane fraction, and purification by hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated by nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, sucrose density gradient sedimentation, and gel filtration chromatography. Subunit molecular weights were estimated by electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. The active enzyme monomer, with a molecular weight of 176,000 to 260,000 (depending upon the method of determination), was composed of subunits with molecular weights of approximately 64,000 and 118,000. The monomer aggregated to form an inactive tetramer of about 800,000 molecular weight. Purified enzyme exhibited a broad pH optimum, between 6.5 and 7.5. Kinetic studies showed that the apparent Km was 0.30 mM for nitrate, and 2.2 to 2.9 microM for dithionite-reduced benzyl viologen. Azide was an effective inhibitor: the concentration required for half-maximal inhibition was 21 to 24 microM. Azide inhibition was competitive with nitrate (Ki = 2.0 microM) but uncompetitive with reduced benzyl viologen (Ki = 25 microM). Based upon spectral evidence, the purified molybdo-enzyme had no associated cytochromes but did contain nonhaem iron that responded to dithionite reduction and nitrate oxidation. The enzyme that was purified after being heat solubilized from membranes had properties essentially identical to those of the enzyme that was purified after deoxycholate solubilization.

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